Wednesday, February 18, 2009

Fourth Principle: Broadening the community of participation.


Another major question opened by the age of the electronic journal is the issue of expertise. Like the essay, the journal peer-review process is the relic of another age: an age of abundant, unbegrudging emeriti with plentiful leisure to foster the development of younger peers who had, on average, three years of training by way of a PhD. The limited number of peer-reviewers and editors responsible for the operation of the journal at any given time, is the relic of the system limited by the expense of the US Post Office, the limited social networks of the people who invented the system, and the era of fewer PhD's on the world scene. In a new era, many of the burdens of editing and curation can be more broadly distributed to both the aid of the editors and the thriving of the discipline itself.

4a) Benefiting from a wider array of input.

In the age of web 2.0, journals have the opportunity to reconsider the distribution of time and responsibility. Is peer review a top-down mentoring process for scaling up the academic ladder, or will it be reconceived as an open playing-field (a sort of open seminar for peer review rather than a two-vetted-readers-read-you)? With the aid of wikis, it becomes possible for a single text to be usefully edited by hundreds of individuals, vetting their understanding of significance, authentic fact, and argument flow. For young scholars, accreted small suggestions of other citations, references, examples, and counterexamples, from a wider array of supporters, could conceivably enhance an article on multiple levels.

4b) The opportunity to expand disciplinary boundaries.

In web 2.0 collaboration, the thinking of interdisciplinary members of the broader academy might be usefully invited. The pressure of other ideas could hypothetically encourage the discipline to take account of the findings of related sub-disciplines (invited participation from scholars in postcolonial studies for Victorian Studies issues on empire), the concerns of related fields (are economists convinced by new findings in economic history?), and the legibility of argument to the public (does this ground-breaking, relevant article on tyranny and empire actually parse to the average reader of the NYT?)

4c) The reconsideration of timelines.

In the age of web 2.0, it is also possible for a writer to continuously revise an argument over an extended period of time, even indefinitely. For the sake of scholars' multiple projects, an indefinitely revised work is probably not ideal, but extended revisions, over the course of a year, become possible and useful for the author and the discipline. An article could be published as "officially under review" in a sub-category of the journal stream, subjected to gradual wiki conversation for a year, and remain available to a reading public for the entirety of that time.

The product that would emerge at the end of a year of wiki-ratification would be very different than that at the beginning. If the author failed, in the course of wiki revision, to produce a stronger article than at the beginning, the article could be removed from the journal stream at the end of the year.

4d) Indefinite projects.

An exception to the rule against indefinite revisions might be the case of a collectively-authored, introductory textbook (editions #33-150 of Arnstein's Introduction to British History could easily be collectively rewritten over the course of 20 years by a team of collaborators). Similarly, the journal might include a wiki article on "the state of the discipline" that was collectively revised by the journal's readership, year after year, to consider the best collective knowledge of subjects of inquiry.



---

Over the next week, we're offering some tentative principles for rethinking journals by way of sparking conversation. At first, these thoughts will take the form of blog entries like this one, where visitors can add comments at the end of every note. We welcome your reactions -- especially sets of alternative principles or concerns that may have been overlooked. At the end of the week, we'll be integrating the original principles with your comments into a wiki. Wikis, as you probably know from wikipedia, are pretty good at synthesizing the opinion of a group. They're also not much harder to use than Microsoft Word. The wiki will form an evolving, multi-authored document that will have some permanence and the ability to slow-evolve to reflect the diversity of concerns and strategies on the table. The responses you offer here, the wiki, and the long-term conversation will, we hope, produce a useful overview of the diversity of opinions, offering a substantial statement on the profession for use when the CELJ next convenes live.

43 comments:

情感 said...

正妹交友,台灣情色論壇,080視訊聊天室,免費視訊,人之初貼圖,av情色,正妹視訊g,歐美模特兒寫真,台灣無限貼圖區,交友戀愛進行室,成人聊天室,性愛貼圖,成人視訊,美女交友,視訊交友,美女交友,聊天交友,全裸巨乳,777成人區,聊天交友,拓網交友,25xxx成人影城,情色視訊,美女寫真,視訊,ut聊天室,情色視訊,歐美免費影片,正妹視訊,只有貼圖,交友網站,kiss911貼圖片區,美女寫真,正妹找66免費廣告,色情小說,玩美女人,台灣情 kiss 色網貼圖區,成人貼圖,成人視訊,微風成人聊天室,

台灣 said...

感謝分享--每天都要快樂喔................................

監控 said...

青春一逝不復返,事業一失難有成。........................................

美麗 said...

好問才能博學。 ..................................................

Attractive said...

The tribe standard is very good continues to refuel
..................................................

玉鳳 said...

以簡單的行為愉悅他人的心靈,勝過千人低頭禱告........................................

明偉誠秋 said...

很喜歡你的blog哦...加油唷 ........................................

婉婷 said...

路過--你好嗎..很棒的BLOG.........................................

didi said...

情趣,情趣用品,
SM,G點,按摩棒,
飛機杯,充氣娃娃,
自慰套,情趣用具,

情趣味用品浪漫巴黎,情趣味用品,
情趣用品,情趣,
按摩棒,角色扮演,
性感睡衣,自慰器,
跳蛋,吊帶襪,
情趣內衣,充氣娃娃,
情趣味用品浪漫巴黎,

1208茹宣dinoreale said...

你不能改變容貌~~但你可以展現笑容 ..................................................

茂鴻 said...

Well done!........................................

展惟定姍 said...

Man proposes, God disposes.........................................

0308MathewP_Thurlow said...

人生是故事的創造與遺忘。...............................................................

許冠廷 said...

單純喜歡你的部落格 要繼續發表好文章喔........................................

Be224nWann1 said...

北台灣視訊aio34c正妹 69成人網 080視訊聊天室iww 線上免費看成人片 百分百成人圖片 辣妹妹影音視訊聊天室 視訊交友551281 kk 視訊聊天室 免費a片 sex-情色視訊 夜未眠成人影城 視訊聊天網 aaa片免費看短片 正妹交友go uouo 視訊聊天交友 hi5 tv免費影片 av女優王國 546視訊聊天室 免費影音視訊聊天室 ut 視訊聊天室 sex story,辣妹影片直播 hilive成人情色網 線上a長片 美眉脫內衣影片 sex888入口aio甜心寶貝直播貼片 彩虹免費av影片 亞洲東洋視訊辣妹影片 視訊交友網fm358 love104 影音城 qk999成人論壇 免費視訊gogo 拓網學生族視訊777美女 免費成人影片sex,av女優 a 免費影片觀賞 免費視訊topchurch 免費線上 aa 片試看85CC 高雄援交本土自拍天堂 成人視訊elove 臺灣情色網hilive tv 546 視訊聊天室 線上免費av影片 視訊ggoo xvediox松島楓免費影片 免費聊天室 aa影音視訊聊天室 一對多視訊免費視訊辣妹 j 我愛 78 論壇 免費 a 片 兼職援交 免費a自拍偷拍g世代論壇

佩璇 said...

快樂,是享受工作過程的結果...........................................................................

walsha said...

The shortest answer is doing. ............................................................

淑慧 said...

最偉大的天才如果終日躺在草地上,讓微風吹拂,眼望天空,那麼溫柔的 靈感也不會光顧他的。 ....................................................

靖福 said...

I guess I will need a lot.................................................................

瓊富 said...

要照顧身體歐~保重

佳燕 said...

在莫非定律中有項笨蛋定律:「一個組織中的笨蛋,恆大於等於三分之二。」......................................................................

佩春 said...

閒來無聊逛逛blog~~跟您打聲招呼~~.................................................................

凱文凱文 said...

所有的資產,在不被諒解時,都成了負債............................................................

育隆 said...

安安!剛開始玩這個,來這裡逛一下^^............................................................

芸茂芸茂 said...

嗨!很喜歡來這欣賞你的作品,幫你推推推當上人氣王唷..................................................................

云依恩HFH謝鄭JTR安 said...

來塊巧克力吧~~心情會好哦~~............................................................

恩如 said...

開懷幸福的生活,是每個人的夢想~~希望大家都能夠實現!............................................................

溫緯李娟王季 said...

精彩的部落格 要繼續加油 ..................................................................

賢林賢林 said...

要經常發表文章 最愛你了呦............................................................

楊家堯楊家堯楊家堯 said...

人生像一杯茶,若一飲而盡,會提早見到杯底..................................................

錢靜怡錢靜怡錢靜怡 said...

Man proposes, God disposes..................................................................

佳瑩佳瑩 said...

真正仁慈的人,會忘記他們做過的善行,他們全心投入現在的工作,過去的事已被遺忘。..................................................

魏智偉魏智偉 said...

Lets cross the bridge when we come to it............................................................

解恆蔡靜芳念 said...

Never put both feet in your mouth at the same time, because then you will not have a leg to stand on.............................................................

承王蓁 said...

人生中最好的禮物就是屬於自己的一部份............................................................

承王蓁 said...

在莫非定律中有項笨蛋定律:「一個組織中的笨蛋,恆大於等於三分之二。」. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

承王蓁 said...

若有人問你成功時會不會記得他 試問若你失敗時他會不會記得你......................................................................

誠陳侑 said...

祝福大家開開心心。............................................................

于庭吳 said...

所有的資產,在不被諒解時,都成了負債..................................................................

翊翊翊翊張瑜翊翊翊 said...

回應是最大的支持^^y~~~甘吧嗲............................................................

孫邦柔 said...

感謝你的分享 要繼續發表好文章喔..................................................

huihuiai said...

你不能左右天氣,但你可以改變心情............................................................

江仁趙雲虹昆 said...

到處盡心,即為快事;舉步踏實,便是坦途。................. ................................................